Zaha Hadid is an architect who consistently pushes the boundaries of architecture and urban design. Her work experiments with new spatial concepts intensifying existing urban landscapes in the pursuit of a visionary aesthetic that encompasses all fields of design, ranging from urban scale through to products, interiors and furniture. Best known for her seminal built works (Vitra Fire Station, Land Formation-One, Bergisel Ski-Jump, Strasbourg Tram Station, the Rosenthal Centre for Contemporary Art in Cincinnati, the BMW Central Building in Leipzig, the Hotel Puerta America (interior) in Madrid, the Ordrupgaard Museum Extension in Copenhagen, and the Phaeno Science Center in Wolfsburg), her central concerns involve a simultaneous engagement in practice, teaching and research.
EDUCATION AND TEACHING
Hadid studied architecture at the Architectural Association from 1972 and was awarded the Diploma Prize in 1977. She then became a partner of the Office for Metropolitan Architecture, taught at the AA with OMA collaborators Rem Koolhaas and Elia Zenghelis, and later led her own studio at the AA until 1987. Since then she held the Kenzo Tange Chair at the Graduate School of Design, Harvard University; the Sullivan Chair at the University of Illinois, School of Architecture, Chicago; guest professorships at the Hochschule für Bildende Künste in Hamburg; the Knolton School of Architecture, Ohio and the Masters Studio at Columbia University, New York. In addition, she was made Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, Fellow of the American Institute of Architecture and Commander of the British Empire, 2002. She is currently Professor at the University of Applied Arts in Vienna, Austria and was the Eero Saarinen Visiting Professor of Architectural Design at Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut.
Hadid has been testing the boundaries of architectural design in a series of research-based competitions. Winning designs include The Peak, Hong Kong (1983); Kurfürstendamm, Berlin (1986); Düsseldorf Art and Media Centre (1992/93); Cardiff Bay Opera House, Wales (1994); Thames Water/Royal Academy Habitable Bridge, London (1996); Rosenthal Centre for Contemporary Art, Cincinnati (1998); University of North London Holloway Road Bridge (1998); The National Centre of Contemporary Arts, Rome (1999); Bergisel Ski-jump, Innsbruck (1999); The Wolfsburg Science Centre (2000); the Maritime Ferry Terminal in Salerno, (2000); Placa de las Arts in Barcelona (2001); One-north Masterplan for Singapore's Science Hub (2001); the Ordrupgaard Museum Extension in Copenhagen (2001); the BMW Central Plant Building in Leipzig (2002); the Price Tower Art Center, Bartlesville (2002); the Departement de l’Herault Culture Sport Building, Montpellier (2003); the new High Speed Rail Station Napoli-Afragola, Naples (2003); the Guangzhou Opera House, China (2003); a masterplan for Beijing’s Soho City, China (2003); the New EuskoTren Headquarters in Durango (2004), (2004); an office tower and residential housing complex in Milan “Milano Fiera CityLife” (2004), the Memorial Walk “Boulevard der Stars” for the Berlin Film Academy, Berlin (2004), the new Riverside Transport Museum in Glasgow (2004), the new CMA CGM Headquarters in Marseille (2004), In 2005, Zaha Hadid Architects won competitions for the Neues Stadt-Casino Basel, the Architecture Foundation’s London Centre for Architecture, the London 2012 Olympic Aquatics Centre, the redesign of Eleftheria Square in Cyprus, the Nanjing Memorial Wall in China, the Zaragoza 2008 Expo Bridge and the Olebeaga Masterplan in Bilbao. In 2006, the practice has won competitions for the Issam Fares Institute at the American University of Beirut, the Seville University Library , the Kartal-Pendik Masterplan in Istanbul, the Edifici Campus Tower in Barcelona, The Opera House and Business Bay Towers in Dubai, The E.On Energy Research Centre in Aachen, Germany and The Nuragic and Contemporary Art Museum in Cagliari, Italy. More recently in 2007, Zaha Hadid Architects announced the spectacular designs for the Abu Dhabi Performance Art Centre, the Szervita Square Tower in Budapest, the Moscow Expo Centre, the Majan Tower, Dubai, the The Opus, Dubai, the Dongdaemun World Design Park and Complex, Korea, the Reggio Calabria in Italy and Innovation Tower for Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong. In 2008 competition wins include Lilium Tower, Poland, the Eli & Edythe Broad Contemporary Art Museum, USA and a Museum & Cultural Centre in Vilnius. Other competition entries include large scale urban studies for Hamburg, Madrid, Bordeaux and Cologne; museum buildings in Bad Deutsch Altenburg, Austria, Madrid (Prado, Reina Sofia, Royal Palace), the Victoria & Albert Museum's Boilerhouse Gallery, London and a Museum of Islamic Arts in Doha, Qatar, and the Asian and Oriental Gallery for the Louvre, Paris; concert halls for Copenhagen and Luxembourg; a theatre for the Hackney Empire, London and large scale multi-functional buildings for 42nd street, New York as well as for the IIT Campus in Chicago, and third prize for an event and delivery centre for BMW in Munich.
Hadid's paintings and drawings have always been an important testing field, and a medium for the exploration of her design. Major exhibitions include a retrospective at the Architectural Association, London (1983), the Guggenheim Museum, New York (1978), the GA Gallery, Tokyo (1985), “Deconstructivist Architecture” at MoMA, New York (1988), the Graduate School of Design at Harvard University (1995), Grand Central Station New York (1995), the San Francisco MoMA (1997/98), The Venice Architecture Biennale (2000), “Zaha Hadid Lounge” at the Kunstmuseum, Wolfsburg (2001), The Venice Architecture Biennale (2002), “Zaha Hadid” MAXXI in Rome (2002), “Zaha Hadid Laboratory” in Yale (2002) -the National Building Museum, Washington (2002), “Zaha Hadid Architecture” MAK Exhibition Hall in Vienna (2003), The Venice Architecture Biennale (2004), “Zaha Hadid’s paintings” at the Somerset House in London (2004),the Deutsche Bank Collection at the Deutsche Guggenheim Berlin (2005), ‘Silver Paintings’ at the ROVE Gallery, London (2005), ‘Zaha Hadid’ Guggenheim New York (2006) and The Singapore Art Museum, Singapore (2006). Hadid's work also forms part of the permanent collections of various institutions such as MoMA New York, MoMA San Francisco and the Deutsches Architektur Museum, Frankfurt, Germany. Urban Voids, Lisbon Architecture Triennale, Lisbon (2007); Milan Furniture Fair, Milan 2007; Sofia European Architecture Week, Sofia (2007); Airs de Paris at the Pompidou Centre, Paris (2007); Global Cities at the Tate Modern, London (2007); ‘Zaha Hadid: Design & Architecture’ at the Design Museum, London (2007).
Exhibition designs are :'The Great Utopia', Guggenheim Museum, New York (1992); 'WishMachine' at the Vienna Kunsthalle (1996); 'Addressing the Century' at the Hayward Gallery, London (1998); Paper Art at the Leopold-Hoesch Museum, Düren (1996); Jewellery Exhibition, Zurich (2000); ‘Borderline Exhibition’ Palais des Beaux Arts, Brussels (2000) and in the Salieri Suille Tracce di Mozart and the Palazzo Reale, Milan for the Da Ponte Institute (2005); 25 Years of Deutsche Bank Art at the Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin (2005); ‘Elastika’ for Design 05, Art Basel, Miami (2005); Tokyo Blossoms at The Haro Museum Installation, Tokyo(2006); The Wallpaper Magazine 10th Anniversary Exhibition, Milan (2006); Ideal House, IMM Cologne Fair (2007).
Hadid’s work is widely published in periodicals and monographs which include “Zaha Hadid: Planetary Architecture Two” (no.11, 1983); “Zaha Hadid”, AA files (no.5, 1986); “Zaha Hadid 1983-1991”, El Croquis (no.52, 1991, Madrid); “Zaha Hadid 1992-1995”, El Croquis (no. 73, 1995, Madrid); “Zaha Hadid 1996-2001”, El Croquis (no.103, 2001, Madrid); “Zaha Hadid: The Complete Buildings and Projects” (Thames & Hudson, 1998); “Zaha Hadid -LF One” (Birkhäuser, 1999); “Architecture of Zaha Hadid in photographs by Helene Binet” (Lars Muller Publishers, 2000); “Zaha Hadid, Opere e Progetti” (Italy, 2002); “Zaha Hadid Architektur”, (MAK, Vienna, 2003); GA Document (nos. 65 and 66. Japan, 200, “Zaha Hadid Space for Art” (Lars Muller Publishers, 2004); “Zaha Hadid 1983- 2004”, El Croquis (2004, Madrid); “Digital Hadid” (Birkhauser, 2004); “Car Park and Terminus Strasbourg” (Lars Muller Publishers, 2004); “Zaha Hadid Complete Works” (Thames and Hudson, 2004). “BMW Central Building” (Princeton Architectural Press, 2006); “Zaha Hadid” (Catalogue for the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, 2006); “Zaha Hadid” (Motta Architettura, 2007).
Zaha Hadid's built work has won her much academic and public acclaim. Her best known projects to date are: the Vitra Fire Station and the LFone pavilion in Weil am Rhein, Germany (1993/1999), a housing project for IBA-Block 2 in Berlin, Germany (1993), the Mind Zone at the Millennium Dome, Greenwich, London, UK (1999), a Tram Station and Car Park in Strasbourg, France (2001), a Ski-Jump in Innsbruck, Austria (2002), the Contemporary Arts Centre, Cincinnati, US (2003), the BMW Central Building (2005) in Leipzig, Germany, the Hotel Puerta America interior in Madrid, Spain (2005) and the Ordrupgaard Museum Extension in Copenhagen, Denmark (2005), the Phaeno Science Center, Wolfsburg, Germany (2005), Lopez de Heredia Winery, Spain (2006), the Maggie’s Centre, Fife, Scotland (2006), the Nordpark Cable Railway, Innsbruck, Austria (2007), Mobile Art: Chanel Contemporary Art Container, Touring Exhibition Pavilion (2008-2010), Zaragoza Bridge Pavilion, Zaragoza, Spain (2008). She has also completed furniture and interiors: Bitar, London (1985); Monsoon Restaurant, Sapporo (1990); Z-Play (2002) and Z-Scape (2000) furniture manufactured by Sawaya and Moroni; and the Tea and Coffee Towers for Alessi (2003), the Aqua Table (2005) for Established & Sons and the Vortexx Chandelier (2005) for Sawaya & Moroni. In 2006, Zaha Hadid created the Crevasse Vase for Alessi, the Mallow Bench for ROVE, the Swarm Chandelier and the Seamless Collection for Established & Sons. In 2007 Zaha Hadid created the Moon Sofa for B&B Italia, the Silver Bowl for Sawaya Moroni, the Crater for David Gill Galleries, the Mesa for Vitra, the Belu for Kenny Schachter ROVE, the Dune Formations for David Gill Galleries and Urban Nebula for Siza and Matter at the London Design Festival. In 2008 Zaha Hadid has designed the Zaha Hadid Chandelier for Swarovski, the Scoop Sofa for Sawaya & Moroni and ROVE LLP, Wirl for City Art Square, Hong Kong, China, Z-Stream for Sudeley Castle, England, UK and Neckpiece for Swarovski Rocks, London, UK. Her temporary structures include: Folly in Osaka (1990); Music Video Pavilion in Groningen, Netherlands (1990); a Pavilion for Blueprint Magazine at Interbuild, Birmingham (1995); the installation Meshworks at the Villa Medici, Rome, Italy (2000) the summer pavilion for the Serpentine Gallery, London, UK (2000); and the R. Lopez de Heredia Vina Tondonia Pavilion, Barcelona, Spain (2001); and a snow and ice installation at the Snow Show, Lapland (2004). Zaha Hadid has also worked on a number of stage sets: Pet Shop Boys World Tour (1999/2000); Metapolis, for Charleroi Dance production company, Belgium (2000); and Beat Furrer’s opera, Desire, commissioned by the Steirischer Herbst, Graz (2003).